“The eyes are the mirror of the soul” so says world-renowned expression is the same in all languages of the world. But what if this mirror is a little foggy? The development of eye diseases of any kind not only affects the quality of life, but also evidence of possible malfunctions in other organs and body systems.

Nearsightedness (myopia from the Greek “squinted my opinion”) is an eye disease in which rays of light appear on the retina, but in front of her. Thus, the person better to see things near but not far. This is the most common eye disease that affects both children and adults. According to statistics, it affects more than 30% of the world population. It can be congenital, acquired, and age (we are talking about age-related changes of the body).

Symptoms of myopia.

The ophthalmologists recommend to seek help at the slightest symptoms of this disease. At the initial stage of development of myopia, it is possible to prevent or at least suspend.

  1. Blurry vision of objects that are far away. You have to shurite eyes (to change the refraction of light) in order to see them.
  2. Eye fatigue while driving or playing sports. If this symptom is seen in people who already wear glasses or contact lenses, this means the progression of the disease.
  3. Myopia can develop as early as school age. You should pay attention if when you look at distant objects, the child narrows his eyes.

Causes of myopia.

The reasons for the development of this disease can be many. The right to determine what gave impetus to the development of this disease, not only a doctor but also the patient himself.

  1. Heredity. Statistically 50% of children suffering from myopia, the same disease affects the parents.
  2. Eye the increased load and strain of view. At risk are schoolchildren, students, office workers and all those whose sphere of activity is directly connected with the computer.
  3. The lack of nutrients. This can be as a seasonal absence of fruits and vegetables, and compliance with various diets exclude them. For vision particularly vitamins of groups b and C.
  4. Incorrect glasses. Points with too many diopters, or, conversely, too low, will provoke an even greater strain of the eye muscles. It is very important and to choose the right system of eyesight correction.
  5. The presence of increased intracranial or intraocular pressure. To diagnose it only in the office of an ophthalmologist, which is the special equipment to examine the fundus.

Treatment of myopia.

Depending on the severity of the disease, treatment may be:

  1. Medication. Taking pills is typically assigned in the early stages of myopia. These medical drugs are aimed at improving circulation to the retina.
  2. Wearing glasses. Remember that glasses and contact lenses do not cure nearsightedness, they only change the refraction of light.
  3. Of laser vision correction. Appointed in progressive myopia. Correction is performed with a laser under local anesthesia. Myopia disappears after some time after the procedure.
  4. Surgery. Such a method doctors have resorted to a complete inability of the eye to accommodate. May be required to replace the lens of the eye or implanted lens. The required action is determined by the ophthalmologist after a thorough research.

So, as you can see the myopia is very serious and dangerous eye disease, threatening a complete loss of vision. Prevention should be examined by an ophthalmologist at least every six months and upon detection of any symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor.

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