Inflammation of the pharynx, accompanied by fever, swelling, redness, pain when swallowing, inability to speak loudly, runny nose and other unpleasant symptoms is pharyngitis.

Before to treat strep throat at home, or to go to the doctors, you need to know what this disease is, how it happens.

What may be strep throat?

This disease can occur in the following forms:

  • acute;
  • chronic;
  • insulated.

The acute form of the disease caused by infection and usually is accompanied by ailments such as the flu or angina, rarely precipitating factor may be herpes.

The chronic form is pronounced allergies, but sometimes it is caused by poor mouth hygiene, that is, caries or periodontitis.

Isolated disease is extremely rare and has a bacterial nature.

Symptoms

Of pharyngitis, regardless of its form, there is a common symptoms:

  • inflammation of the mucous membranes in the throat, nose, sometimes in the trachea;
  • burning, sharp pain in the throat, fever and weakness;
  • the absence of a cold in the first couple of days of discomfort;
  • a feeling of stuffiness of the ears, body aches;
  • swollen lymph nodes and soreness in them for mechanical inspection.

How to treat the disease?

The treatment of the disease has a specificity that depends on what kind of pharyngitis in a patient. But there are common indications:

  • Mode: it is desirable to comply with bed rest since. even if the General condition is not particularly heavy, the body is still weakened by the disease and is always possible deterioration and complications;
  • Power: due to the fact that this disease affects the throat, you should avoid hard, scratchy foods, as well as very hot or very cold;
  • Receiving antiviral medications;
  • Antibiotics, with a stable high temperature and General condition, recommended medications the broad antimicrobial spectrum of action;
  • Rinse, the local impact of antiseptic solutions significantly alleviates symptoms;
  • Additions to the treatment to ease the condition, for example, pastilles or lozenges with antiseptic.

Peculiarities of treatment of pharyngitis in children

Very young patients, as a rule, are not able to gargle, the child is difficult to cope with the procedures inhalations. Therefore, for such patients to actively apply a hot compress, comprising:

  • visceral fat;
  • alcohols;
  • mustard;
  • med.

Physical therapy treatments usually last about two hours, after which it is important to prevent cooling of the body of the baby, in order to avoid complications.

Also, the use of different warming up ointments and medicines allowed for use in children.

Why the disease becomes chronic?

Pharyngitis, is quite an insidious disease, which under certain circumstances can become chronic. The increased risk creates the following factors:

  • Smoking;
  • frequent use of alcohol;
  • the structural features of the nasopharynx and its injury;
  • permanent contact with contaminants such as dust, exhaust gases, industrial emissions;
  • asthma;
  • allergiest;
  • all sorts of pathologies of the endocrine system;
  • the tendency to frequent colds, weakness of the immune system;
  • beriberi, abuse of diet, lack weight.

Chronic illness is:

  • catarrhal;
  • hypertrophic;
  • atrophic.

Each of them has certain symptoms, but, regardless of its form, chronic pharyngitis may develop into a malignancy, until cancer of the larynx. Therefore, it must be treated, even if its presence does not cause the patient severe discomfort.

Treatment of chronic pharyngitis

Chronic disease implies duration in time, and mandatory monitoring by doctors self-medication is not just acceptable, it may lead to deterioration.

In the catarrhal form

The healing process implies the elimination of trigger points, i.e., Smoking cessation, elimination of contact with contaminated air, total vitamin courses, and so on.

Drugs are assigned to local antiseptics, adjuvants. In very chronic cases, resorted to burning formations on the mucous membrane of the throat.

In hypertrophic form

Of the larynx are cleaned Muco-purulent accumulation, appointed antimicrobials for topical application and physiotherapy. Sometimes it is necessary to drink a course of broad-spectrum antibiotics.

In atrophic form

Assigned inhalation moisturizing, softening and waste of the crusts with mucous membranes, antiseptics and antimicrobials.

The treatment of isolated pharyngitis

The isolated form of this disease is extremely rare and generally an allergic reaction. Therefore, the treatment is based on identify and isolate the allergen. After that, the disease is treated usually, depending on complexity and neglect, but in any case, anti-allergic agents, antiseptics and antimicrobial therapy.

Whatever type of pharyngitis, the disease cannot be run, ignore or self-medicate. This can lead to a disastrous outcome, so if you suspect strep throat, you need to visit Laura in order to diagnose the disease and to eradicate it.

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